Do you dread the day when your child comes home from school and yells: “We have to do a science project!” Where do you start? The microbial genomes were naturally decaying through time for two reasons: The bacteria lacked a sexual phase of reproduction, which could recombine DNA and replace bad genes, and only a few of the bacteria trapped inside an aphid pass along to the next generation, a winnowing that further restricts recombination between microbes.
Scientists usually take for granted a set of basic assumptions that are needed to justify the scientific method: (1) that there is an objective reality shared by all rational observers; (2) that this objective reality is governed by natural laws; (3) that these laws can be discovered by means of systematic observation and experimentation.
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A superficial evaluation might conclude that the charges of â€˜intellectual imposture’ and â€˜uncritical naivety’ levied from either side are simply the millennial manifestation of the earlier â€˜two cultures’ conflict …