Defense Contractors providing defense items or services have the tremendous responsibility of keeping the technology out of the wrong hands. The particular manufacturing method used to make silicon chips, which is measured by how small the transistor is. The driving force behind the design of integrated circuits is miniaturization, and process technology boils down to the never-ending goal of smaller.
More recently, modern works of science fiction such as those by Philip K. Dick and William Gibson and films such as Blade Runner and Ghost in the Shell project highly ambivalent or cautionary attitudes toward technology’s impact on human society and identity.
Even from a pure “engineering perspective,” it doesn’t make much sense to talk about Educational Technology just in terms of Instructional design models or instructional design methods An instructional designer also feels concerned by more fundamental disciplines like general learning theory or pedagogical theory These theories provide interesting insights on issues like the relation between learning type or learning level and appropriate pedagogic strategy , how affect and motivation may influence the learning process, what multimedia design can learn from theories on human information processing or cognitive load , why metacognition and collaborative learning is important etc.
A modern example is the rise of communication technology, which has lessened barriers to human interaction and as a result has helped spawn new subcultures; the rise of cyberculture has at its basis the development of the Internet and the computer 15 Not all technology enhances culture in a creative way; technology can also help facilitate political oppression and war via tools such as guns.
In previous books Arnold Pacey has written about the role of ideas and ideals in the creation of technology, about the global history of technology, and about how the complex interaction of political, cultural, economic, and scientific influences determines the course of technological practice.