According to the 2012 report, Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds, published the US National Intelligence Council, four technology arenas will shape global economic, social and military developments by 2030. A few quarters after setting that goal, executives discovered that IT spending allocated to it fell short of what would be needed to implement all the business-process changes they’d outlined—and was much less than the planned IT spending in nonstrategic areas.

There’s just been an explosion in the number of technologies and the range of systems you see,” says Arvind Ravikumar, an assistant professor of energy engineering at Harrisburg University who led an extensive field test study of different methane monitoring technologies at METEC last year.

Australia had benefited economically from collaborating with China on research partnerships, but policy makers now needed to consider the security implications of Beijing’s rise as a “military power” using “technologies for mass surveillance and coercion”.

Fourth, high performing finance functions also show strong capabilities in supporting, and in many cases leading, enterprise-wide innovation through dynamic capital allocation that balances investments in core areas with known technology with riskier, new-to-the-organisation or sector technologies.

As new, more complex A.I. moves into an increasingly wide array of products, like online ad services and business software or talking digital assistants like Apple’s Siri and Amazon’s Alexa , tech companies will be pressured to guard against the unexpected biases that are being discovered.