One of the most often asked questions in the contemporary world is ‘What is the meaning of science and technology?’ Man is innovative in nature. Science contributes to technology in at least six ways: (1) new knowledge which serves as a direct source of ideas for new technological possibilities; (2) source of tools and techniques for more efficient engineering design and a knowledge base for evaluation of feasibility of designs; (3) research instrumentation, laboratory techniques and analytical methods used in research that eventually find their way into design or industrial practices, often through intermediate disciplines; (4) practice of research as a source for development and assimilation of new human skills and capabilities eventually useful for technology; (5) creation of a knowledge base that becomes increasingly important in the assessment of technology in terms of its wider social and environmental impacts; (6) knowledge base that enables more efficient strategies of applied research, development, and refinement of new technologies.
The Science and Technology Studies (STS) program supports research that uses historical, philosophical, and social scientific methods to investigate the intellectual, material, and social facets of the scientific, technological, engineering and mathematical (STEM) disciplines.
The dimension of the shortfall is suggested by the figures for official development assistance (ODA) from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD): A recent upturn in ODA has brought the total back only to the 1990 level of 0.33% of the gross national income of the donor countries (this despite long-standing international agreement on a target of 1%, which itself seems pathetically small in relation to both the needs and the opportunities) ( 11 ). The United States, by far the richest country in the world in gross national income, is the stingiest among all the OECD countries in the fraction of it, 0.2%, devoted to ODA.
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology (JAAST) is published by Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh This Journal focuses on Applied Agricultural Science And Applied Agricultural Technology in particular Crop Production, Crop Protection, Food Sciences, Food Technology, Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Statistics, Bioinformatics, Agricultural Mechanization, Farm Structure, Farm Power, Machinery, Irrigation and Drainage, Land and Water Resources Engineering, Renewable Energy, Environment and Agricultural Information Technology.
Our coverage comprises authoritative, highly accessible information on the very latest terminology, concepts, theories, techniques, people, and organizations relating to all areas of science and technologyâ€”from astronomy, engineering, physics, computer science, and mathematics, to life and earth sciences, chemistry, environmental science, biology, and psychology.