Technology is changing business for everyone – from small home- based businesses to mega multi-national corporations. To be specific, IT audits may cover a wide range of IT processing and communication infrastructure such as client-server systems and networks, operating systems, security systems, software applications, web services, databases, telecom infrastructure, change management procedures and disaster recovery planning.
But all is not bad but on the contrary, thanks to technology our hope and quality of life has greatly increased thanks to the technical and scientific advances we are able to detect and cure diseases that previously were fatal, have created a society where any person has access to knowledge through internet, thanks to technology we generate, store and distribute any type of food, clothing and products that improve our level and quality of life, technology has created machines that perform arduous, dangerous work and requiring a great effort for man, thanks to technology we can communicate with anyone in the world, have conquered the moon and soon the space.
F. ‘Chief Information Officer’ (CIO) means the senior official that, pursuant to the Clinger-Cohen Act, provides advice and other assistance to the head of the agency and other senior management personnel of the agency to ensure that information technology is acquired and information resources are managed for the agency in a manner that achieves the agency’s strategic goals and information resources management goals.
74 This definition’s emphasis on creativity avoids unbounded definitions that may mistakenly include cooking “technologies,” but it also highlights the prominent role of humans and therefore their responsibilities for the use of complex technological systems.
Business executives tend to want to understand the tradeoffs involved, whereas some technical staff seems to believe that the only correct amount of technical debt is zero.â€ McConnell writes, explaining that he attributes this aversion to technical debt to the communication challenges it will inevitably create down the line.