Meta-majors consists of a group of academic classes and sequence structures that introduce students to a broad set of career options, while meeting the academic requirements across multiple areas of study. However, advancement in technology has created a new economic environment which depends on information, and that is what we call the ‘’ INFORMATION AGE ”. The information age provides a different work environment, and this has helped small businesses gain position in highly competitive markets.
In this context, it is the current state of humanity’s knowledge of how to combine resources to produce desired products, to solve problems, fulfill needs, or satisfy wants; it includes technical methods, skills, processes, techniques, tools and raw materials.
Ee. ‘Major information technology investment’ means an investment that requires special management attention as defined in OMB guidance and agency policies, a “major automated information system” as defined in 10 U.S.C. § 2445, or a major acquisition as defined in the OMB Circular A-11 Capital Programming Guide consisting of information resources.
The term “information technology” includes computers, ancillary equipment (including imaging peripherals, input, output, and storage devices necessary for security and surveillance), peripheral equipment designed to be controlled by the central processing unit of a computer, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including cloud computing and help-desk services or other professional services which support any point of the life cycle of the equipment or service), and related resources.
In addition to the search for definitions, Ward and Barker attempted to better understand the way people use the phrase big data by searching Google Trends to see what words are most commonly associated with it. They say these are: data analytics, Hadoop, NoSQL, Google, IBM, and Oracle.